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Sanskrit and Malayalam - issues to ponder  

 

Sanskrit is an Indo-Aryan language. The language is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. Have you heard of Vedic Sanskrit? It is the pre-Classical form of Sanskrit. The Sanskrit is derived from the word “sam-skar-“meaning “to put together”. A member of the Indo-Iranian sub family is the Sanskrit language. In Hindu texts of Rigveda, Samaveda, Atharvaveda, Yajurveda and Upanishads, the development of was observed.  

The official language of an Indian state of Uttarakhand is Sanskrit, today. The “Eight-Chapter Grammar” is the oldest surviving Sanskrit grammar. This grammar was written by Panini. In ancient times, to the higher cast members, the Sanskrit language was taught. For religious and scientific discourse, Sanskrit language is used.  

Rigveda, the oldest known text in Sanskrit is a collection of more than thousand Hindu hymns. As a ceremonial language for hymns and mantras, Sanskrit is used in Hindu religious rituals, today. To revive Sanskrit as an everyday language in a village namely Mattur near Shimoga in Karnataka, efforts are being made. Sanskrit has been written with the Latin alphabet, since the late 18th century. Have you heard of International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration [IAST]? Since 1912, it was most commonly used system and was been the standard for academic work. 

One of the Dravidian languages is Malayalam. It is the official language of Kerala and Lakhshadweep. This language is spoken by 35.9 million people. Do you know the meaning of the word Malayalam? In Malayalam, “Mala” means “mountain” while “alam” means “place”. Due to the social transformation that took place between AD 7th and 15th centuries, the evolution of Malayalam language started. One of the 22 scheduled languages of India is Malayalam.  

80 percent of Malayalam vocabulary is from Sanskrit. Some of the Malayalam words that are borrowed from Sanskrit include nakham” [nail], “bharya” [wife], “mukham” [face] etc. Malayalam has not yet received the classical status but the language has all the necessary information to get the classical status. A language get the classical status, with other requirements, the language should be more than 1000 years old.  

The Malayalam equivalent of the English word “she” is “aval”. For the English word namely “that”, the corresponding Malayalam equivalent is “atu”. Through the sites namely en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanskrit, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malayalam etc you can learn more about the topics. Vowels and vowel diacritics of Sanskrit are as follows:   

 

 

 

 

Some of the Malayalam words are “kudikkuka”, “turakkuka” etc. The English equivalent of the words includes “to drink”, “to open” etc. Any person interested in learning the language either Sanskrit or Malayalam should learn the alphabets first. Then learn small words, simple sentences. If you follow the Malayalam news or Sanskrit news while learning the language, it will be easy to understand the language as well as pronunciation. Due to a weakening of the political institutions that supported Sanskrit, the decline of the language happened in literary and political circles.   

 

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